Captain Paul Trapaud
Paul (or Pol) Trapaud was styled Captain of the Castle and Town of Castillon.
The Castle had been demolished in 1622 or soon after so the reference to the Castle in the title was purely historical. Paul held the office for many years, at least 1636 to 1658. Ida de Layarde notes that "he was Receiver (Public Tax Collector) for Charlotte de Nassau, Duchesse de Bouillon, wife of Frederic Maurice de la Tour, Duc de Bouillon. Their son Henri d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne et de Castillon married Charlotte de Caumont, daughter of the Duc de la Force; and their daughter Elizabeth was wife of Guy Aldonce, Comte de Durfort-Duras."
The extract below, from Wikipedia, shows that Ida de Layarde was incorrect in some of her historical assertions. In fact, Frederic Maurice, Henri and Elizabeth were all children of Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Duc de Bouillon (1555-1623) and his second wife, Elisabeth of Nassau. Charlotte of Nassau is not known as a wife of Frederic Maurice.
|Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne (1555-1623) is remembered as a faithful adherent of Henri IV's Huguenot cause and Marshal of France. His first wife was Charlotte de la Marck, heiress to the Principality of Sedan and to the Duchy of Bouillon. Upon her death, Henri inherited her titles and dominions and remarried Elisabeth of Nassau-Orange, William the Silent's daughter.|
|Hoping to succeed the Orange rulers of the Netherlands, their son and heir Frederic Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon (1605-52) remained in the Dutch service until his marriage to Eleonore-Catherine de Berghes, which was effected against his family's wishes in 1634 and led to his conversion to Catholicism. Compromised in the Cinq-Mars conspiracy, he was pardoned on condition that he would exchange his principalities of Sedan, Jametz, and Raucourt - highly important strategically - for the titles of duc d'Albret and duc de Chateau-Thierry in the French peerage. This exchange was formalized in 1651. Although Frederic Maurice was promised to take rank from the original creation of the Duchy of Chateau-Thierry for Robert Fleuranges III de la Marck in 1527, this could never be effected due to vocal opposition of other dukes-peers.|
|Frederic Maurice's younger brother was Viscount Henri de Turenne (1611-1675), undoubtedly the most illustrious member of this family and one of the most successful French generals ever. Hailed by Napoleon as the greatest military leader in history, Turenne was buried at Saint Denis among the kings. Both he and his brother enjoyed the rank and precedence of foreign prince in the French peerage.|
Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Duc de Bouillon (1555-1623)
Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Duc de Bouillon (1611-1675)
Returning to Paul Trapaud, he married Marthe Cardinal before 1630. The Cardinal family was also well known in Castillon, a Cardinal having held the office of Mayor in 1617.
This branch of the family lived in the environs of Castillon and had property at Saint Magne and at Le Bois de Jolly.
"Le Chateau de St Magne" is one of the Trapaud Family properties that is still standing today. Sketch by M L G Trapaud de Colombe.
"Le Bois de Jolly" is one of the Trapaud Family properties that is still standing today. Sketch by M L G Trapaud de Colombe.
In those days the rank of Captain carried much more dignity than we perceive today. Prior to Louis the XVIth, the level of Captain in the army was a highly considered and respected rank as it was the highest one which was not bought but the result of long service, courage and capability.
Paul and Marthe had three children that we know of, Jean Jacques, Elizabeth and Izaac.
CONTINUE THE TOUR (Captain Paul Trapaud's Family)